Medical Conditions

Qualifying Conditions for Disability

The Social Security Administration’s impairment listing manual (called the blue book) lists a number of impairments, both physical and mental, that will automatically qualify an individual for Social Security disability benefits (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI), provided the individual’s condition meets the specified criteria for a listing.

What Medical Conditions Are Listed?

  • Musculoskeletal problems, such as back injuries
  • Cardiovascular conditions, such as heart failure or coronary artery disease
  • Senses and speech issues, such as vision and hearing loss
  • Respiratory illnesses, such as COPD or asthma
  • Neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy
  • Mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, autism, or limited intellectual ability
  • Immune system disorders, such as HIV/AIDS, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Various syndromes, such as Sjogren’s Syndrome and Marfan Syndrome
  • Skin disorders, such as dermatitis
  • Digestive tract problems, such as liver disease or IBD
  • Kidney disease and genitourinary problems, and
  • Cancer
  • Hematological disorders, such as hemolytic anemias and disorders of bone marrow failure

A Social Security disability claimant doesn’t even have to have an impairment that is listed in the Social Security disability blue book to be awarded disability benefits. For instance, migraine headaches are not included in the blue book, but if a claimant’s migraines are severe enough and are well documented, the SSA may grant disability benefits if the migraines make it impossible for the disability applicant to work a full-time job. The keys here are that the condition be a medically determinable impairment and that it reduces someone’s RFC enough so that they can’t do their prior job or any job.

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